John Ruskin 1819 - 1900





John Ruskin (1819-1900) was a great Victorian artist, critic, teacher, writer, amateur geologist and philosopher.  His range of interests and achievements were staggering.  He thought that it was fundamental to make links between subjects and disciplines.  He generally managed to see the whole picture.  Ruskin's 39 volumes contains some 9 million words.  His correspondence ran to 20,000 letters.  His sketches, drawings and paintings also run into the thousands.  It is fitting that the Museum at Coniston should be so dedicated. 



John Ruskin


Tim Hilton, (biographer) speaking  on the BBC 'Omnibus' programme in 2000, said:  "No-one apart from Ruskin, in the 19th Century, gives so complete and various an account of the continuing life of the mind - a mind that, as if propelled by electricity, runs down the pen and sprints across the page... It is absolutely unique, and something for which he should be treasured."   Leo Tolstoy said Ruskin was: "one of those rare men who think with their hearts."


There has been a Ruskin Museum in Coniston since 1901, when W.G. Collingwood, a local artist and antiquarian who had been Ruskin's secretary, set it up both as a memorial to Ruskin and a celebration of the area's heritage.  For this reason the museum has a Ruskin collection, to include exhibits relating to the copper-mines, slate, geology, lace, farming and Donald Campbell.


The museum was extended  in 1999 with the help of a Heritage Lottery grant; additional building with modern design-work, computer displays, and hands-on exhibits have transformed the look of the two galleries. 




Geologists and walkers will find the variation in rock types an interesting feature of the hills.  Coniston has two totally different rock groups represented in the area.  The geology of the Coniston area is best viewed from Grizedale Forest, which is to the east of Coniston. 


Coniston Village and the Fells - red line separates 

volcanic & sedimentary rocks



The terrain from the forest to west of Coniston consists of wooded, agricultural land, with gentle rolling hills of relatively low relief.  The rocks underlying this area are marine sedimentary rocks from the "Windermere Supergroup".  Volcanic rocks of the Coniston Fells were laid down around 460 million years ago.   They are part of the rock group known as the Borrowdale Volcanic Group (BVG).  The total thickness of the BVG laid down in the Lake District is over 7km thick, an incredible deposit. 


Due to the collision of two continents some 420 million years ago the rocks have been intensely heated and squeezed. They have also been uplifted and now the once horizontal beds dip roughly south east at up to 90 degrees.  You can literally walk back in geological time, this is because as you walk up the coppermines valley, the rocks get older the further you walk.


The other major event that affected the area in a big way happened about 2 million years ago. This was the start of the ice age. Successive glaciations carved out the valleys and scooped out hollows where now tarns such as Low Water and Blind Tarn are. This mountain and valley terrain is what makes the Lake District so special.


After the volcanic period the area subsided beneath the sea. In sub-tropical shallow waters teaming with marine life, the Coniston Limestone was laid down. This was not the limestone frequently seen from the Carboniferous period but a less pure limestone from the much earlier Ordovician. Slowly the sea deepened and over a long time period large amounts of muds and sands were deposited. These are the Windermere Supergroup sediments that are also of great thickness.


Bluebird Recovery


On Thursday 8th March 2001 Bluebird was recovered from Coniston Water where she had lain since the 4th of January 1967.  Although a lot of local people and many members of the Campbell family did not want the boat recovered from the lake, once it had been, most accepted it and moved on.  The hope was that it would be  returned to Coniston some time in the future.   The Museum has many framed photographs showing the recovery of Bluebird by Bill Smith and his team.




The K7 wreckage recovered 8 March 2001


On Monday 28th May 2001 it was announced that human remains had been recovered from Coniston Water.  The remains were confirmed to be those of Donald Campbell, speed ace, in August 2001.  A funeral took place on Wednesday 12th September in foul wet weather, where a large crowd paid their respects to one of our country's greatest heroes and most respected men.  The funeral is also represented in a series of framed photographs.


The Museum was granted planning permission on 3rd July 2003 to build a "Campbell Gallery" extension.  It is expected that when the boat is restored it will be housed in this extension along with a display of memorabilia and computer displays.  Sir Malcolm Campbell's Bluebird boat, the K3, is intact and housed at the other end of the country at Filching Manor Motor Museum, near Polegate in East Sussex.  The K3 was rescued from ruin privately by Paul Faulkes-Halbard.  The K3 restoration continues and we hope to feature progress in the near future.





Ruskin Museum
Coniston, Cumbria,
England, LA21 8DU
Telephone number 015394 41164
e-mail :


Admission: Adults £3.50 Child £1.75 Family £9.00 (2 adults + 2 or 3 children)
More than 15 adults: Group Price £3.00 each (further reductions for larger groups)
School Group: £1 per child, teachers free

Open Daily  -  10.00am to 5.30pm




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