Admiral Thomas K Shannon (Commander) R. Admiral Lawrence "Larry" B Jackson
(Deputy Commander) and John S Thackrah (Executive Director) Military Sealift Command
NAVAL OCEANOGRAPHIC OFFICE
The Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVOCEANO), located at John C. Stennis Space Center in south Mississippi, comprises approximately 1,000 civilian, military and contract personnel responsible for providing oceanographic products and services to all elements within the Department of Defense.
In 1830, the U.S. Navy established the Depot of Charts and Instruments maintain a supply of navigational instruments and nautical charts for issue to naval vessels. It soon became apparent that the Depot would be unable to obtain and maintain an adequate supply of the latest data unless it undertook production of charts from its own surveys. In 1837, the first survey sponsored by the Depot and led by Lieutenant Charles Wilkes resulted in four engraved charts published for use by the
Lieutenant Wilkes continued his surveying and gained fame as leader of the U.S. Exploring Expedition. The expedition ranged over the eastern Atlantic to Antarctica, the coasts of both Americas, and far into the west and southwest Pacific. It began the U.S. collection of world magnetic data and contributed substantially to hydrographic, meteorological, botanical and geological knowledge of the explored regions.
During the succeeding five years, 87 similar charts were published and issued from the results of surveys by Wilkes and his officers. These individual surveys, however, were limited in scope; the Depot needed a way to gather information quickly on a worldwide basis. Naval officer Matthew Fontaine Maury, who became known as "The Pathfinder of the Seas", supplied the answer to this dilemma.
Commander Maury, who held the position of Hydrographer of the Navy from 1842-1861, is credited with founding the science of oceanography. His system for collecting and using oceanographic data revolutionized navigation of the seas. Maury assumed command of the Navy's Depot of Charts and Instruments in 1842. Possessing an active, scientific mind, he immediately recognized possibilities for expanding the services of the Depot. He suggested that, if all shipmasters would submit reports of their experiences to a central agency, the data could be digested, compiled and published for the benefit of all. This idea became the basic formula of hydrographic offices throughout the world, making Maury's contributions a milestone in naval oceanography.
Within five years, 26 million reports poured into the Depot, which originally had been intended only as a storehouse of charts and instruments. In 1854, the agency was given the official name of The U.S. Naval Observatory and Hydrographical Office. In 1866, an Act of Congress separated the two functions, establishing the Hydrographic Office as a distinct activity. By this time the Office's mission had expanded to include "the carrying out of surveys, the collection of information and the printing of every kind of nautical chart or publication."
By the turn of the century, pleasure cruises had become a popular form of vacationing, and suddenly the attention of the world was drawn to a new danger to navigation - ice. The collision of the
Titanic with an iceberg in 1912 prompted the Hydrographic Office to urge that an ice patrol be established to document sea-ice hazards to prevent such disasters. This was the beginning today's sophisticated, high-tech methods of surveying, measuring and recording ice thickness, ice-ridge profiles and other characteristics to monitor ocean-ice conditions above and below the surface.
Because features and conditions of the world's oceans are constantly changing, surveying, charting and mapping must be continuous processes. Experiences during
World War I showed the need for greater accuracy for oceanographic data. By 1922, responding to these needs, the Navy had developed the first practical sonic sounding machine, making it possible to surpass all previous efforts in deep-sea sounding and bathymetric charting. Aerial photography was used for the first time that year.
Following the attack on Pearl
Harbor, the demands for charts increased to about 40 times the normal pre-war rate. The Hydrographic Office was moved to more adequate facilities at Suitland, Maryland, about 6 miles (10 km) from the nation's Capitol building, and was placed under the cognizance of the Chief of Naval Operations to focus activities directly to programs of national security. Additional survey vessels were obtained, each equipped to conduct surveys and to produce printed charts aboard ship in a minimum of time to keep up with fleet advances across the Pacific. At the peak of World War II, 43 million charts were printed and issued in one year.
The Hydrographic Office was re-designated the U.S. Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVOCEANO) in 1962, and in 1976 the Office was relocated to the National Space Technology Laboratory (NSTL), which is now known as the John C. Stennis Space Center, in south Mississippi.
NAVOCEANO oversees the Naval Ice Center in Suitland, Maryland, and the Fleet Survey Team at Stennis Space Center, Mississippi.
NAVOCEANO is the largest subordinate command under the Commander, Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command, which is also located at Stennis Space Center.
NAVOCEANO's seven oceanographic ships are operated by the Military Sealift Command. Currently, the McDonnell is out of commission. Perhaps the hardest working ships in the Navy, the oceanographic survey ships have no homeport and are forward-deployed, surveying the ocean 365 days every year. To avoid interrupting continuous operations, oceanographers from NAVOCEANO relieve their fellow surveyors by flying to locations around the world to meet the ship.
T-AGS 60 Class
NAVOCEANO has operational control of six T-AGS 60 class ships: Pathfinder (T-AGS-60), Sumner (T-AGS-61), Bowditch (T-AGS-62), Henson (T-AGS-63), Bruce C. Heezen (T-AGS-64) and Mary Sears (T-AGS-65).
The T-AGS 60 class ships were designed and constructed to provide multipurpose oceanographic capabilities in coastal and deep-ocean areas for NAVOCEANO.
On board, surveyors are equipped to conduct physical, chemical and biological oceanographic operations; multidisciplinary environmental investigations; ocean engineering and marine acoustics; marine geology and geophysics; and bathymetric, gravimetric and magnetometric surveying.
Typical missions of the 329-foot-long (100 m) T-AGS 60 vessels may include oceanographic sampling and data collection of surface water, mid-water and ocean floor parameters; the launch and recovery of small boats known as hydrographic survey launches (HSLs); the launching, recovering and towing of scientific packages (both tethered and autonomous) including the handling, monitoring and servicing of remotely operated vehicles
(ROVs); shipboard oceanographic data processing and sample analysis; and precise navigation, trackline maneuvering and station-keeping to support deep-ocean and coastal
T-AGS 50 Class
NAVOCEANO formerly operated one coastal hydrographic T-AGS 50 class ship, John McDonnell (T-AGS-51). At a length of 208 feet, USNS McDonnell was slightly smaller than the T-AGS 60 class ships. She was capable of collecting hydrographic data on all headings in seas with wave heights up to 9 feet and could launch and recover two HSLs and other survey equipment in seas up to 4 feet. She has been decommissioned while a new ship is being built.
Secretary of Defense - Chuck Hagel
SEALIFT COMMAND (MSC)
mission of the MSC is to operate the ships which sustain the USA's war-fighting
forces and deliver specialized maritime services in support of national security objectives in peace and war.
The MSC aim to be the preeminent provider of cutting-edge, commercial maritime solutions supporting future national security objectives.
Military Sealift Command is the leading provider of ocean transportation for the
US Navy and the rest of the Department of Defense – operating approximately 110 ships daily around the globe.
During World War
II, four separate government agencies controlled sea transportation. In 1949, the Military Sea Transportation Service became the single managing agency for the Department of Defense's ocean transportation needs. The command assumed responsibility for providing sealift and ocean transportation for all military services as well as for other government agencies.
Only nine months after its creation, MSTS responded to the challenge of the Korean War. On July 6, 1950, only 11 days after the initial invasion of South Korea by communist North Korean troops, MSTS transported the 24th Infantry Division and its equipment from Japan to Pusan, South Korea, for duty.
During the Vietnam War, MSTS was renamed Military Sealift Command. Between 1965 and 1969, MSC transported nearly 54 million tons of combat equipment and supplies and nearly
8 million tons of fuel to Vietnam. MSC ships also transported troops to Vietnam. The Vietnam era marked the last use of MSC troop ships. Now, U.S. troops are primarily transported to theater by air.
Through the 1970s and 1980s, MSC provided the Department of Defense with ocean transportation in support of U.S. deterrent efforts during the Cold War years.
During the first Persian Gulf War's Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, MSC distinguished itself as the largest source of defense transportation of any nation involved. MSC ships delivered more than 12 million tons of wheeled and tracked vehicles, helicopters, ammunition, dry cargo, fuel and other supplies and equipment during the war. At the height of the war, MSC managed more than 230 government-owned and chartered ships.
Since Sept. 11, 2001, MSC ships have played a vital and continuing role in contingency operations around the world. As of January 2013, MSC ships delivered more than 25.7 billion gallons of fuel and moved 126.2 million square feet of combat equipment and supplies to U.S. and coalition forces engaged in operations supporting Iraq and Afghanistan.
In addition, MSC, the Navy and several non-governmental organizations have treated hundreds of thousands of patients in hospital ship deployments worldwide.
Support worldwide oceanography programs, including performing acoustical, biological, physical and geophysical surveys.
Length: 328.5 ft
Beam: 58 ft
Displacement: 5,000 tons
Speed: 16 knots
USNS Pathfinder (T-AGS 60)
USNS Sumner (T-AGS 61)
USNS Bowditch (T-AGS 62)
USNS Henson (T-AGS 63)
USNS Bruce C. Heezen (T-AGS 64)
USNS Mary Sears (T-AGS 65)
J. KAISER, USNS
E. BYRD, USNS
E. PEARY, USNS
S. DIEHL, USNS
POWDER, MV HOS
C. HEEZEN, USNS
VIEW, MV HOS
O. LORENZEN, USNS
X-BAND RADAR (SBX-1)
LT BALDOMERO LOPEZ, USNS
LT JACK LUMMUS, USNS
LT JOHN P. BOBO, USNS
FRED W. STOCKHAM, USNS
AND CLARK, USNS
JOHN U. D. PAGE, MV
BERNARD F FISHER, MV
DEWAYNE T. WILLIAMS, USNS
WILLIAM R. BUTTON, USNS
EDWARD A. CARTER, JR., MV
JOHN A. CHAPMAN, MV
K. R. WHEELER, USNS
S. LAND, USS
LT HARRY L. MARTIN, USNS
H. GIANELLA, USNS
ROY M. WHEAT, USNS
STEPHEN W. PLESS, USNS
EUGENE A. OBREGON, USNS
MATEJ KOCAK, USNS
OF THE NAVY RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT & ACQUISITION
with other Naval institutions, finding those who might be interested in
new technology is by no means straightforward and may swamp small
concerns, absorbing much of the precious resources to no avail. By way
of example, here are a few examples of the maze that you are likely to
get lost in:-
Small Business Resources
Department of the Navy:
The Department of Navy Office of Small Business Programs (OSBP)
The goal of the Navy Office of Small Business Programs is to assist
small business entrepreneurs’ navigation through the Department's
decentralized acquisition program to ensure the Warfighter receives
quality products. The Navy has and will continue to support small
business participation as both prime and subcontractors. The
Department of the Navy embraces the critical role of small businesses
in maintaining the strength of our naval capability and the nation's
economy by focusing on leadership, teamwork, customer service, and
mutually beneficial partnerships.
Navy Exchange System (NEX)
This web site provides information on quality goods and services at a
savings and to support quality of life programs. The retail stores and
many services offered by Navy Exchange Service Command makes it an
important quality of life benefit to customers, active duty, family
members, retirees, national guard, and reservists around the world,
both ashore and at sea. Within the Navy Exchange System are five
primary business units. These include Navy Exchange retail stores and
services, Navy Lodges, the Navy Uniform Program, the Ship Store
Program, and Telecommunications.
The Information Technology Electronic Commerce (ITEC) program provides
commercially available, Department of Navy (DON) standard compliant
Information Technology (IT) products and services. ITEC Direct
leverages technology to give Department of Defense (DoD) customers a
fast and easy way to electronically locate, compare, and order IT
hardware, software and services.
DoN Small Business Innovation Research
This site provides information on how to participate in the Department
of the Navy's SBIR program. The SBIR program funds research and
development projects at small technology companies. The projects
funded serve a DoN need and are expected to have commercial
DoN Marketing Info
Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization - Marketing the Navy
Navy Electronic Commerce Online (NECO)
This site is your link to the world of Navy Electronic Business
Opportunities. It is the centerpiece of the Navy's strategy to convert
to paperless processes in accordance with the DoD direction. All Navy
business opportunities are either on this site or linked to it.
Department of Defense:
Doing Business with the Department of Defense
This powerful search engine site provides links to the Small and
Disadvantaged Business Utilization Office, Defense Logistics Agency
and other resources for selling to the military agencies.
The AbilityOne Program
The AbilityOne Program is the largest source of employment, on Federal
contracts, for individuals who are blind or have other severe
disabilities in the United States. Established in 1938, the program is
administered by the Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind
or Severely Disabled, an independent Federal agency, with assistance
from National Industries for the Blind (NIB) and NISH-Creating
Employment Opportunities for People with Severe Disabilities.
DPAP AbilityOne Program Section:
Committee For Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely
Mentor Protege Program (MPP)
This site provides information to large businesses who wish to
participate in the program as mentors and small businesses and others
who wish to participate as protege's.
DoD Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)
The SBIR program funds research and development projects at small
technology companies. The projects funded serve a DoD need and are
expected to have commercial applications. This web site describes the
The publication exclusively addresses the defense subcontracting
opportunities market. The DoD encourages small business and small
disadvantaged business to enter the defense subcontracting market. By
entering the market, goods and services flow to strengthen national
security and the defense industrial base.
DoD Small Business Specialists
The Military Services and Defense Agencies have contracting offices
located throughout the United States. Each service and agency has an
Office of the Director of Small and Disadvantaged Business
Utilization. They also have small business specialists at each of
their procurement and contract management offices to assist small
businesses, small disadvantaged businesses, and women-owned small
businesses firms in marketing their products and services with the DoD.
These specialists provide information and guidance on (1) defense
procurement procedures, (2) how to be placed on the solicitation
mailing lists, and (3) how to identify prime contract and subcontract
Central Contractor Registration (CCR) is a single database of basic
business information from contractors that want to do business with
the Department of Defense (DoD). Contractors MUST be registered in CCR
in order to do business with the Department of Defense.
DoD Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization
This website contains information on DoD programs that benefit small
businesses and DoD business opportunities.
Other Government Sites:
U.S. Business Advisor
This Small Business Administration's search engine site provides
on-line, one-stop access to government forms, business development
software & business sector oriented information.
Federal Acquisition Jumpstation
Provides over 100 hotlinks to federal contracting activities and other
sources of federal procurement information throughout the United
Procurement Technical Assistance Center (PTAC) Listing
The DLA administers on behalf of the Secretary of Defense the DoD PTA
Cooperative Agreement Program under which Procurement Technical
Assistance Centers (PTACs) provide assistance to business firms that
want to sell goods and/or services to Federal, state and local
U.S. Small Business Administration
The U.S. Small Business Administration, established in 1953, provides
financial, technical and management assistance to help Americans
start, run, and grow their businesses.
FedBizOpps has been designated as the single source for federal
government procurement opportunities that exceed $25,000.
U.S. Small Business Administration Subcontracting Network (SBA
SUB-Net lists notices of subcontracting opportunities.
Federal Supply Service
GSA's Federal Supply Service provides federal customers with the
products, services and programs to meet their supply, service,
procurement, vehicle purchasing and leasing, travel and transportation
and personal property management requirements.
GSA Smartpay allows Federal Agencies to pay for commercial goods and
services as well as travel and fleet related expenses with
leading-edge card services.
Federal Supply Classification
The Federal Supply Classification site provides a searchable list of
all Federal Supply Codes.
D&B Universal Numbering System
The D&B D-U-N-S Number is a unique nine-digit identification
sequence, which provides unique identifiers of single business
entities, while linking corporate family structures together.
Defense Logistics Information Service - Cage Code
This site is a search engine for the Commercial and Government Entity
(CAGE) Code system.
MSC HOTLINE INFO:
Alt. Phone: 202-685-0138
Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command
Fleet Public Affairs (N00P)
1562 Mitscher Ave., Suite 250
Norfolk, VA 23551-2487
Important telephone numbers:
Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development & Acquisition
1000 Navy Pentagon 4C656
Washington, DC 20350-1000
Public Affairs Officer
Special Assistant for Public Affairs
Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development & Acquisition
1000 Navy Pentagon 4C656
Washington, DC 20350-1000
Navy SBIR Programs
Attn: Director, Navy SBIR Programs
Office of Naval Research
One Liberty Center
875 North Randolph Street
Code 03TSB, Suite 1425, Room 262A
Arlington, VA 22203-1995
Navy SBIR Contacts
SYSCOM SBIR Program Contacts
Acquisition (ACAT I & II) Points of Contact
Department of Navy Research, development & Acquisition - http://acquisition.navy.mil/
Fleet Forces Command - http://www.cffc.navy.mil/
PENDING - The
key to accurate hydrographic mapping is continuous monitoring,
for which the Bluefish SNAV
platform, presently under development, is a robotic ocean workhorse. Based on a stable
hull this design is under development in the UK, looking to expand into
the US. The robot
ship uses no diesel fuel to monitor the oceans autonomously (COLREGS
compliant) at relatively high
speed 24/7 and 365 days a year - only possible with the revolutionary (patent) energy harvesting system. The
hullform is ideal for automatic release and recovery of ROVs
or towed arrays, alternating between drone and fully autonomous modes.
International development inquiries are welcomed. This zero carbon vessel
pays for itself in fuel saved every ten years.