Automated & Electric Vehicles Act 2018
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THE SLOW LANE - We all live fast lifestyles. Waiting 30 minutes for rapid charging, even with smart technology, potentially strains the grid, and also damages batteries.
There are faster ways of refuelling an electric vehicle, in just a couple of minutes. Battery swapping could be the solution, provided that it is properly thought out and developed with collaboration from all concerned. Hydrogen is also in the running despite inefficiencies in the conversion chain, with development of liquid hydrogen and high pressure hydrogen containers likely in the next 3-5 years.
2018 CHAPTER 18 [19th July 2018]
An Act to make provision about automated vehicles and electric vehicles.
Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:-
(1) For the purposes of this Part —
(2) In this Part —
“operator”, in relation to a public charging or refuelling point, has the meaning given by regulations;
“prescribed” means prescribed by regulations;
“vehicle” means a vehicle that is intended or adapted for use on roads.
(1) Regulations may impose requirements on operators of public charging or refuelling points in connection with —
(c) the components of public charging or refuelling points that provide the means by which vehicles connect to such points (“connecting components”).
(2) Regulations under subsection (1)(a) may require operators —
(a) to provide a prescribed method of payment or verification for obtaining access to the use of public charging or refuelling points;
(b) to co-operate with each other for the purposes of a requirement imposed by the regulations (for example, by sharing facilities or information);
(c) to take prescribed steps for the purposes of such a requirement (for example, to provide information to a prescribed person).
(3) Regulations under subsection (1)(b) may, for example, require the operator of a public charging or refuelling point to ensure that the point complies with prescribed requirements (which may include technical specifications).
(4) Regulations under subsection (1)(c) may, for example, require the operator of a public charging or refuelling point to ensure that its connecting components comply with prescribed requirements (which may include technical specifications for connecting components or any related equipment).
(1) Regulations may impose requirements on —
large fuel retailers falling within a prescribed description, or
(2) Regulations under subsection (1) may, for example —
require large fuel retailers or service area operators to provide public
charging or refuelling points;
(3) In this section “large fuel retailer” and “service area operator” have the meaning given by regulations.
12. Duty to consider making regulations under section 11 (1) (a) on request by elected mayor
(1) The Secretary of State must consider making section 11(1)(a) regulations in relation to the whole or part of a relevant area if —
the mayor for the relevant area makes a request for such regulations to be
(2) “Section 11(1)(a) regulations” means regulations under section 11(1) that impose requirements on large fuel retailers within section 11(1)(a).
(3) Condition 1 is that the Secretary of State is satisfied that, before making the request, the mayor -
published proposals for section 11(1)(a) regulations to be made in
relation to the whole or part of the relevant area, an
each local authority any part of whose area falls within the relevant area
or, if the request relates to part of the relevant area, within that part,
(4) Condition 2 is that the mayor has given the Secretary of State a summary of the responses to the consultation referred to in subsection (3)(b).
(5) Condition 3 is that regulations have been made under section 11(3) in relation to the meaning of “large fuel retailer”.
(6) If the Secretary of State decides not to make section 11(1)(a) regulations in response to the mayor’s request, the Secretary of State must notify the mayor of the decision and the reasons for it.
(7) For the purposes of this section —
“relevant area” means the area of a combined authority or Greater
in the case of the area of a combined authority, the mayor for the area
elected in accordance with section 107A(2) of the 2009 Act;
(8) In this section —
“the 2009 Act” means the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009;
“combined authority” means a combined authority established under section 103(1) of the 2009 Act;
“large fuel retailer” has the same meaning as in section 11;
“local authority” means —
(1) Regulations may require operators of public charging or refuelling points to make available prescribed information relating to such points.
(2) The information that may be prescribed under subsection (1) in relation to a public charging or refuelling point is such information as the Secretary of State considers likely to be useful to users or potential users of the point, for example information about —
the location of the point and its operating hours,
(3) The regulations may make provision —
about when, how, to whom and in what form the information is to be made
(1) Regulations may make provision for the purpose of ensuring the ongoing transmission of charge point data to a prescribed person or to persons of a prescribed description.
(2) “Charge point data” means prescribed information relating to a charge point (which may include information about energy consumption and geographical information).
(3) Regulations under subsection (1) may impose requirements —
(a) on operators of charge points that are provided for use by members of the general public, and
(b) in relation to charge points that are not provided as mentioned in paragraph (a), on prescribed persons or persons of a prescribed description (subject to subsection (4)).
(4) Regulations under subsection (1) may not impose requirements on owners or occupiers of domestic premises.
(5) Regulations under subsection (1) may make provision about when, how and in what form charge point data is to be transmitted.
(1) Regulations may provide that a person must not sell or install a charge point unless it complies with prescribed requirements.
(2) The requirements that may be imposed under subsection (1) include requirements relating to the technical specifications for a charge point, including for example the ability of a charge point —
to receive and process information provided by a prescribed person,
(3) Regulations under subsection (1) may also prescribe requirements to be met in relation to the sale or installation of a charge point.
(4) In this section —
“sell” includes let on hire, lend or give;
a person of a prescribed description, and
(1) Regulations under this Part may make provision for enforcement in connection with a contravention of a requirement or prohibition imposed by the regulations.
(2) Regulations made by virtue of subsection (1) may, for example —
contain provision for determining whether there has been a failure to
comply with a requirement or prohibition;
(3) The provision referred to in subsection (2)(a) includes —
provision authorising a prescribed person to enter any land in accordance
with the regulations;
the production of documents or other things,
(1) Regulations under this Part may create exceptions from any requirement or prohibition imposed by the regulations.
(2) An exception may be created in relation to a prescribed description of persons or devices.
(3) The Secretary of State may determine that a requirement or prohibition imposed by regulations under this Part does not apply in relation to a person or device specified in the determination.
(4) The Secretary of State must publish a determination made under subsection (3).
(1) Regulations under this Part —
may make different provision for different purposes or different areas;
(2) A power to make regulations under this Part is exercisable by the Secretary of State by statutory instrument.
(3) Before making regulations under this Part, the Secretary of State must consult such persons as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.
(4) Subject to subsection (7), where —
a statutory instrument contains regulations under this Part, and
(5) Where —
a statutory instrument contains regulations under section 11 (large fuel
retailers etc), and
(6) A statutory instrument containing regulations under this Part none of which are —
the first regulations under a provision of this Part, or
(7) Where regulations contain only provision made by virtue of —
section 10(3) or (4) (prescribed requirements for public charging or
refuelling points or for connecting components), or
(8) If a draft of a statutory instrument containing relevant section 11(1)(a) regulations would, apart from this subsection, be treated for the purposes of the standing orders of either House of Parliament as a hybrid instrument, it is to proceed in that House as if it were not such an instrument.
(9) In subsection (8) “relevant section 11(1)(a) regulations” means regulations under section 11(1)(a) that are made pursuant to section 12 (duty to consider making regulations under section 11(1)(a) on request by elected mayor).
(1) The Secretary of State must, in respect of each reporting period, prepare a report assessing —
the impact and effectiveness of regulations made under this Part;
(2) Each report must be laid before Parliament after the end of the reporting period to which it relates.
(3) The first reporting period is the period of two years beginning with the day on which this Act is passed.
(4) Each subsequent period of 12 months after the first reporting period is a reporting period.
PART 3 Miscellaneous and general
MINOR AND CONSEQUENTIAL AMENDMENTS
UK CABINET POLICY MAKERS - APRIL 2020
Chris Grayling and Baroness Sugg sponsored this Bill in 2017. Our thanks go to all members of Parliament and supporting staff for passing this important legislation, for the sake of the planet and all those species who cannot fend for themselves.
EUROPEAN AUTO MANUFACTURERS INCLUDE:
MAKES OF ELECTRIC TRUCKS
- Many of the compounds released during burning of hydrocarbons are associated with
cancer and often cause short irritation of the respiratory tract and eyes.
National Energy Board (Canada)
National Grid plc (formerly Central Electricity Generating Board UK)
1921 - A chain driven electrically powered van in Buffalo, N.Y. It was called an automatic, because there was no gearbox. They were easier to drive and did not need starter handles that most women could not manage, hence this picture advertising a lady operator. Professor Ferdinand Porsche invented battery cartridge exchange in the early 1900s. This was for his electric cars. He also even invented the hybrid, where a petrol generator charged the onboard batteries that powered electric hub motors.
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