BATTERY CARTRIDGE  EXCHANGE REFUELING

 

BATTERIES IN CARTRIDGES THAT ARE COMPATIBLE WITH HYDROGEN FUEL CELLS FOR A SMARTER INFRASTRUCTURE

PLEASE USE OUR A TO Z INDEX TO NAVIGATE THIS SITE

 

 

 

RED FLAG ACT 1865 POLITICAL BLOCKING OF TECHNOLOGY

 

RED FLAG POLITICS - There will always be vested interests doing all they can to halt progress. In this case the blame rests with pussy politicians who were bought by the ICE car makers and oil giants. Policy makers were persuaded to allow the use of fossil fuels to continue, despite carcinogenic smog's causing lung cancer in California, Beijing and Europe on sunny days. What are they like! Money before health. Should that not be the other way around? It has taken 50 years since the 1970s petrol rationing, before climate considerations finally got the attention the subject deserves.

 

 

FROM HAY & DUNG TO PETROL & DIESEL

 

The infrastructure for modern motor cars built up from 1888 to 1923, by which time motorists had drive-in petrol/diesel service stations.

 

It was a great improvement to horses, stabling and cleaning up all those droppings on the streets.

 

It took 35 years for this to happen with just two oil distillates  catering for all modes of transport, trucks, buses and cars, providing commonality and convenient refuelling in around 5-10 minutes after payment. No more nose bags and grain. We went from solids to liquids in one of the first disruptive transport technology transitions in history, after sails to steamships.

 

Electric vehicles were even cleaner, but suffered from long delays while they plugged in to charge from generated electricity, a situation devoid of speedy convenience, presently unresolved: the range limitation. Petrol cars were noisy and smelly, but unlimited range was the winning selling feature.

 

 

 

THE SLOW LANE - We all live fast lifestyles. Waiting 30 minutes for rapid charging not only strains the grid, but also damages batteries, and nobody has thirty minutes to waste - best case - worst case 6-8 hours. A truck size battery would take hours to (so-called) rapid charge. It is just not practical. Ignoring for now that there are no charging points along the streets in towns and cities, or at supermarkets. The solution is SMARTNET instant recharging. One size fits all. With such a system we can kiss goodbye to petrol and diesel carcinogens.

 

 

FIRST DRIVE IN BATTERY SWAP STATIONS

 

Better Place came along in 2009 to try and compete with fossil fueled cars, but Shai Agassi's company made the mistake of not standardizing his product for wider acceptance. The company folded in 2013.

 

Tesla made a half hearted attempt at battery swapping, but gave up in 2013. The Chinese NIO is taking up the challenge, but has gone down the same road as Shai Agassi, in that there has been no attempt at universal acceptance.

 

In China in 2019 NIO introduced battery swap drive in stations for their cars. PowerSwap and BattSwap also have cartridge systems in the US. Each system uses a different format battery pack reducing the choice of vehicles.

 

There is no standard battery cartridge as of 2020, and no cartridge system at all for buses or trucks. Bluebird Energy and associates aim to rectify that.

 

There are few charging points on the streets in the UK: 11,300 locations (31,500 plugs) for 32.5 million passenger cars in the UK - hence the Automated & Electric Vehicles Act 2018.

 

With such political support, we may stand a chance of seeing trials, either along motorways or in city centers in the UK. In turn that may spur Europe to action.

 

 

1:20th scale model of an electric truck service station using instant cartridge refuelling

 

MODEL 1:20 - April 6 2020, a model of a service station is under construction, shown here with two Mercedes articulated container trucks inside. We are using plywood for the building and some of the working parts - that cannot be shown due to patent law prohibiting prior publication. The Automated & Electric Vehicle Act 2018, makes it law in England that provision must be made for charging and refuelling of electric vehicles at service stops. This system would more accurately be described as a refuelling point - since the energy exchanges for trucks and cars are virtually instant. The building can be a quarter this size for city locations where space is limited. But for load levelling purposes, the larger the capacity of stored electricity, the more efficient the grid. Copyright photograph © 6 April 2020, Cleaner Ocean Foundation.

 

 

SETTING THE BENCH MARK

 

Catering for the wider audience means formulating a standard compatible with something in the region of 90% of motor vehicles, including buses and trucks. Indeed, we might want to start with the difficult vehicles and work backwards to the ordinary hatchbacks.

 

That way we stand a fighting chance of tempting motor manufacturers to produce at least one compatible model in their range.

 

 

Two trucks swapping their batteries for freshly charged cartridges

 

TRUCKS & BUSES - One size battery cartridge fits all.  These low cost flatpack stations also service vans and cars, while they provide load leveling mobility security. As an aid to the electrification of cities for bus based public transport, stations like these would avoid the need to install thousands of individual charging points, meaning that 2030 climate change targets might be met. The Better Place system focused on one make of vehicle, missing out on the opportunity to recharge buses and trucks, where diesel exhausts in cities are killers - a powerful selling feature.

 

 

INFRASTRUCTURE LOGISTICS

 

The logistical challenge transitioning from fossil fuels to generated electricity (aiming at renewable solar and wind) within the next 10-20 years - is staggering.

 

Why?

 

Because of the number of vehicles on the road that need energy

 

How many vehicles are there?

 

According to the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ECEA) There are some 308.3 million motor vehicles in circulation on the EU's roads, that is more than one for every two Europeans. The European Union's motor vehicle fleet counts 268 million passenger cars and more than 40 million commercial vehicles. In the city of London alone, there are 8,000 diesel buses.

 

Of these around 5.39% (16,617,370) are electric or hybrid, leaving 291,682,630 vehicles either petrol or diesel powered. Both fuels cause global warming and respiratory diseases.

 

There are around 1 billion cars in the world or which only 3 million are clean electrics.

 

AIMING FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE

 

We are inviting Governments, motor manufacturers and generating utilities to consider supporting this project for eventual incorporation in existing ranges of vehicles - at first as conversions and as sales take off - as production items.

 

Looking toward a simplified electric vehicle refueling forecourt - with Pay As You Drive (PAYD).  

 

  An electric bus and truck service station providing battery swapping

 

LOAD LEVELLING STATIONS - Not only do we have climate change and cancerous smogs, but we have solar and wind electricity generation - as reasons to change to ultra fast electric vehicle charging stations. Storing energy in batteries allows us to make the best of renewable energy.

 

 

HISTORY OF PETROLEUM BASED VEHICLE SERVICING

 

The first Motorists Filling Station was the city pharmacy in Wiesloch, Germany, where Bertha Benz refilled the tank of the first automobile on its maiden trip from Mannheim to Pforzheim in 1888. Soon after other pharmacies sold gasoline as a side business.

The world's first purpose-built gas station was constructed in St. Louis, Missouri in 1905 at 420 South Theresa Avenue. The second gas station was constructed in 1907 by Standard Oil of California (now Chevron) in Seattle, Washington, at what is now Pier 32. Reighard's Gas Station in Altoona, Pennsylvania, claims that it dates from 1909 and is the oldest existing gas station in the United States.

 

In Russia, the first filling stations appeared in 1911, when the Imperial Automobile Society signed an agreement with the partnership "Br. Nobel".

 

 

Starter motor for automobiles

 

The humble starter motor was the death knell for electric vehicles. That, together with petrol and diesel filling stations, meant battery exchange would need a monumental effort to compete. The reasons for change are global warming and lung cancer.

 

 

STARTER MOTORS FOR IC ENGINES

 

Finally, Porsche gave up on electric cars when the starter motor was invented, meaning that anyone could start the internal combustion engine (ICE). Where, before that, only strong men could swing a starter handle without dislocating a shoulder. Not something for ladies in white dresses. Try it. You'll see what we mean.

 

In 1903, Clyde J. Coleman invented and patented the first electric starter in America U.S. Patent 0,745,157, it did not catch on.

In 1911, the Dayton Engineering Laboratories Company (DELCO) was granted a patent for an electric starter motor. This starter was developed by Charles Kettering and Henry Leland. This starter motor appeared on the 1912 Cadillac, which also had the first complete electrical system. Other automakers were slow to adopt the new technology, but electric starter motors caught on within the next decade.

 

From that point on the electric car died, as charging batteries took too long and there was no infrastructure for EVs to equal the convenience of gasoline. Nobody knew about exhaust fumes being a health risk.

 

1913 DRIVE IN FILLING STATION

 

The first "drive-in" filling station, Gulf Refining Company, opened to the motoring public in Pittsburgh on December 1, 1913, at Baum Boulevard and St Clair's Street. Prior to this, automobile drivers pulled into almost any general or hardware store, even blacksmith shops to fill their tanks.

By 1914 about 440 filling stations functioned in major cities across the Russia.

The first filling station in England was opened in November 1919 at Aldermaston, Berkshire by the Automobile Association (AA), a single hand-operated pump, where motorists were served by patrolmen in full uniform. 7,000 pumps were in use in the UK by 1923. 

 

 

BYD electric buses in China

 

BLOOMBERG EXTRACT 2018 - Electric buses were seen as a joke at an industry conference in Belgium nine years ago when the Chinese manufacturer BYD showed an early model. Suddenly, buses with battery-powered motors are a serious matter with the potential to revolutionize city transport - and add to the forces reshaping the energy industry.

 

With China leading the way, making the traditional smog-belching diesel behemoth run on electricity is starting to eat away at fossil fuel demand. The numbers are staggering. China had about 99 percent of the 385,000 electric buses on the roads worldwide in 2017, accounting for 17 percent of the country's entire fleet. Every five weeks, Chinese cities add 9,500 of the zero-emissions transporters - the equivalent of London's entire working fleet, according Bloomberg New Energy Finance.

 

 

 

TECHNOLOGICAL COMPASS - It is the part of a wise man to keep himself today for tomorrow, and not to venture all his eggs in one basket. SMARTNET allows for change in technology. You don't have to bet on batteries or fuel cells. Include both in a diverse asset portfolio - and watch you egg hatch into a solution.

 

 

EUROPEAN AUTO MANUFACTURERS INCLUDE:

 

- Alfa Romeo

- Audi

- BMW

- Citroen

- Fiat

- Ford

- Lotus

- Mercedes

- Peugeot

- Renault

- Seat

- Smart

- Volkswagen

 

MAKES OF ELECTRIC TRUCKS

 

- DAF

- MAN

- Mercedes Benz

- Renault

- Volkswagen

- Volvo

 

MAKES OF ELECTRIC BUSES & COACHES

 

- BDY

- ASHOK LEYLAND

 

 

   

 

Disgusting cancerous particulates are poisoning city dwellers 

 

CANCER - Many of the compounds released during burning of hydrocarbons are associated with cancer and often cause short irritation of the respiratory tract and eyes. 

Motor vehicle emissions contribute to air pollution and are a major ingredient in the creation of smog in some large cities. A 2013 study by MIT indicates that 53,000 early deaths occur per year in the United States alone because of vehicle emissions. According to another study from the same university, traffic fumes alone cause the death of 5,000 people every year just in the United Kingdom.

 

 

SOME OF THE BIGGEST ELECTRICITY POWER COMPANIES A - Z

 

Duke Energy Corporation, DUK, N. Carolina, USA

Dominion Energy Inc., Richmond, Virginia

EDF Électricité de France SA

ENEL

Engie

E.ON

Exelon Corporation EXC, Chicago, USA

GE General Electric

Iberdrola

KEPCO Korean Electric Power Corporation

National Electric Grid & Central Electricity Authority (India)

National Energy Board (Canada)

National Grid plc (formerly Central Electricity Generating Board UK)

Next Era Energy Inc. Florida, USA
Scottish & Southern Energy

Southern Company, Atlanta, Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, USA

State Grid Corporation of China

TEPCO Tokyo Electric Power Company

 

 

 

 

 

ENERGY GENERATING-DISTRIBUTION UTILITIES ARCHIVE

 

 

 

 

 

 

1921 electric delivery van, Buffalo, New York

 

1921 - A chain driven electrically powered van in Buffalo, N.Y. It was called an automatic, because there was no gearbox. They were easier to drive and did not need starter handles that most women could not manage, hence this picture advertising a lady operator.

 

Professor Ferdinand Porsche invented battery cartridge exchange in the early 1900s. This was for his electric cars. He also even invented the hybrid, where a petrol generator charged the onboard batteries that powered electric hub motors. 

 

 

A - Z of CARS and MOTORCYCLES

 

 

Abarth

AC

Alfa Romeo

Allard

Alvis

Amphicar

Aprilia

Armstrong Siddeley

Aston Martin

Audi

Austin

Austin Healey

Auto Union

Bedford

Benelli

Bentley

Bertone

Bizzarrini

BMW

Bristol Cars

BSA

Bugatti

Buick

Cadillac

Cagiva

CAT - Caterpillar

Caterham

Chevrolet

Chrysler

Citroen

Daewoo

Daihatsu

Daimler

Datsun

Davrian

De Lorean

Delahaye

DKW

Dodge

Dongfeng

Ducati

Du Pont

Dutton

ECOmove Qbeak

Facel Vega

Farina

Ferrari

Fiat

Ford

General Motors

Gentry

Gilbern

Gilera

Ginetta

Gordon Keeble

Gregoire

Hanomag

Harley Davidson

Heinkel

Highland ZEV

Hillman

Honda

Hummer

Husqvarna

Hyundai

Indian

Iso

Isuzu

Jaguar

Jeep

Jensen

Jösse

Kawasaki

KIA

KTM

Lada

Lagonda

Lamborghini

Lancia

Land Rover

Laverda

Lexus

Leyland

Lincoln

Lotus

Marcos

Maserati

Mazda

Mercedes Benz

MG

MGB

Mini

Mitsubishi

Morgan

Morris

Moto Guzzi

MV Augusta

Napier

Nissan

Nelson

Norton

Oldsmobile

Opel

Packard

Pagani

Panhard

Panther

Peerless

Pegaso

Peugeot

Pininfarina

Pontiac

Porsche

Reliant

Renault

Riley

Rolls Royce

Rover For Sale

Royal Enfield

Saab

Sachs

Seat

Skoda

Smart

Standard

Steyr-Puch

Studebaker

Suburu

Sunbeam

Suzuki

Swallow

Tesla

Toyota

Tata

Tatra

Treser

Triumph

TVR

Unipower

Vanden Plas

Vauxhall

Vespa

Volkswagen

VW Camper

VW T2

Volvo

Wolseley

Yamaha

Yugo

 

 

FIA ACCUS approval of battery cartridge exchange system for recharging  

 

FRESH BATTERIES - The fax shown above dating from 1991 from ACCUS (FIA) confirmed that a cartridge based system was competition compatible as a means to refuel a vehicle - or fast charge an EV. The system was ignored by the UK and California, USA in 1991, where the were looking for something else. Meantime, while the solution was just sitting there staring them in the face, they allowed oil giants to fuel cars to pump greenhouse gases into the air so that now we have serious global warming issues. This is what happens with committees and politicians that can be bought.

 

 

ZERO EMISSION ELECTRIC CARS WITH CARTRIDGE FAST CHARGING

 

BLUEPRINTS - These were the outline drawings for the small sports car, as produced by Bluebird Marine Systems' volunteer students in 2014. The vehicle was mothballed in case it might be useful for events and the like. But now it might see the light of day as a hydrogen fuelled car. The roof, boot and bonnet of this car will feature solar panels, by way of capturing more free energy. We feel that all new cars and trucks should feature onboard solar assistance.

 

 

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