SEAVAX™  - 1/20th SCALE DEVELOPMENT TEST-BED MODEL BOAT

SeaVax 1:20 scale blue growth feasibility development model

 

This robot can collect plastic waste and free mammals for fishing nets

 

SEAVAX: It's only 1/20th scale at the moment, but this little beauty is paving the way for cleaner rivers and oceans. In 2016 we  putting the machine into our very own test tank. Why? To be sure that she can handle whatever we throw at her - and a bit more. We can also use this facility to find out more about our giant vacuum collection head. We'll be able to see more clearly, when the unit is working at peak efficiency - and so will you in 2017 - because of the wonders of Youtube.

 

 

OCEAN ENTERPRISE 1 JANUARY 2015 START - WHIRLWIND FEASIBILITY STUDY

 

The Ocean Enterprise MK1, is a 1:20 scale fully functional model of a proposed autonomous, solar powered (small) ship that is designed to vacuum up plastic from the sea. Plastic is one of the causes of fish stock decline along with climate change and over fishing. We are over fishing because the world needs more fish to feed itself. Food security is one of our priorities and SeaVax is a means to help the world achieve blue growth.

 

Anything we can build small, we can scale up - much more easily. That is why we have built this boat, to show you what we can do and how quickly we can do it with the right backing. Thank you all for helping us by contributing to the Avaaz fund raiser in March of 2016. 50,000 of you gave generously, and those contributions allowed us to complete some of our model testing in 2016 and move part way to full size construction. We will though need a bit more backing for that to happen and have moved as far as we can go on the Avaaz booster - we are moving quicker now and speed of development means we need reliable funding at the same rate as we need to be able to purchase materials, etc. Don't forget, we are a virtual not-for-profit company, trying to show what is possible if you give it a go.

 

WHAT CAUSED US TO EMBARK ON THIS VENTURE?

 

An easy experiment was simply assembling a pump and connecting it to a cyclonic chamber. This simple rig worked so well, sucking up plastic waste and separating it, and that, coupled with some research on current hydro-cyclonic plant, was enough to persuade us to construct this feasibility rig from the AutoCad drawings below. 

 

For those of you unfamiliar with the design process, all ships begin with a drawing, usually a pencil concept sketch and a few basic displacement calculations. Indeed, in our workshops the most important tool is a sharp pencil. These days metals are precision cut with lasers or water jets - so no more pencils or saws - and now we have plastic printing from SolidWorks! Where will it all lead. We prefer to get our hands dirty for now.

 

 

Combine harvester and tractor collecting grain

 

COMBINED HARVESTING - Quite often the solution to a problem is a combination of ideas and technology, where on its own, a single component of the puzzle would not work. Harvesting grain for food still requires two vehicles and two drivers. The combine harvester sorts the wheat from the chafe, the tractor collects the grain and transports it so that the combo can keep on working. This is very much like the process that we are developing with our project partners to be able to tackle pollution in the vast oceans and make headway. Just as importantly, having harvested the plastic waste, we want to make sure that it is re-used responsibly, and not returned to the oceans.

 

SeaVax ocean plastic cleaning robotic drone ship          Plan view of the largest vacuum cleaner in the world

 

EVOLUTION - The above is a proposed ocean going combine harvester based on a trimaran test rig at second draft stage using AutoCad, and utilizing the below off-the-shelf components just to get a feel for the concept. This is in no way a complete solution, but then we have to start somewhere. What we learn from these small scale experiments, will help us to formulate a dual-purpose, ocean capable cruiser, to clean up the English Channel and local harbours, with a view to cleaning up the marine environment and improving the quality of beaches and locally caught fish on a global scale. Full size, this autonomous vessel could harvest up to 150 tons of plastic, before it has to offload. There is an existing market for recycled plastic. That's good, because building the world's largest solar powered robot vacuum cleaner is not going to be easy. Where the UN say that there is 270,000 tons in our oceans, and that sounds a lot, but for commercial recyclers, it's not enough to get excited about. There is another report from February 2015 (University of California) that puts the figure more realistically between 4 and 12 million tons.

 

 

TECHNOLOGY - ESSENTIAL COMPONENT PARTS

 

 

A small centrifugal pump that is suitable for SeaVax

 

A cyclonic chamber from a vacuum cleaner

 

PUMPS - The most important part of a vacuum cleaner is a powerful and reliable pump to generate a hydro-cyclone. It is like the heart of the machine. We wanted DC units with brush-less motors and capacities above 40 liters (8.8 gallons) per minute. Ebay, gave us a nice selection to experiment with.

FILTERS - A hydro-cylcone is a chamber that spins water so that solid particles collect at one end of a shaped collection chamber. The chambers we have modified for use are derived from an economy handheld bag-less vacuum cleaner. Initial tests showed that they worked well enough for them to be incorporated.

Shredding metal discs for reducing large plastic objects to small pieces    

 

Raspberry PI micro computer board for robotics applications

 

PLASTIC SHREDDING - This is a commercially available shredding box costing less than £40. The cutting teeth on the right are assembled over a driven shaft, much the same as some of the industrial shredders that we have been looking at costing thousands of £ pounds.

NAVIGATION, COMMAND & CONTROL - On-board robotic machine automation and fleet navigation is provided by Arduino and Raspberry Pi microcontrollers with a GPS receiver. Almost anything is possible with computers and the right code (software).

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MAMMAL AVOIDANCE - Forward facing (sonar) sounder units now have up to 1000  metres range to see ahead of the vessel with a span arc of 90°, which is 45° on either side of the bow, adequate for avoiding divers, seals and fish.

TANK TESTING - Water trials to ensure that the vacuum head and mill work well with the hydrocyclonic filtration system, and that the boat can dock with a larger vessel at sea in moderate conditions..

 

 

ABOUT US

 

Bluebird Marine Systems is a practical think-tank where ideas are not just theoretical. We prefer to test out our concepts. Thus, we are building this small scale robotic development model based on relatively economical off-the-shelf parts in true Heath Robinson and Sir Christopher Cockerell fashion. In academic circles this process is called a feasibility study. We call it getting our hands dirty.

 

This feasibility study will not feature the many refined facets of collection and filtration of the full size ship, but will be able to suck up and reduce plastic waste to a size where it can be filtered from the water that it is polluting - using a basic shredder. The object being to demonstrate that a much bigger ocean going craft will be able to do the same.

 

 

MAKING THE ROBOT HULL

 

 

An aluminium sheet that has been folded to make a boat hull

 

Plastic tubing that will make sponsons for a robot boat hull

 

ALUMINIUM - The central hull is a specialized design that had to be fabricated by hand. We are using relatively high strength 1.0mm aluminium sheet, first of all marking out the development accurately using sharp pencils and coloured markers to code forming sequences.

PLASTIC - In order to speed up the build process, we are using off-the-shelf parts wherever we can. The cones for the front floats are custom build fiberglass from our old friends at Pevensey Bay Marine, as designed for a SWATH hull some years ago.

Making the wooden deck and superstructure of the robot boat

 

How to paint a large model boat cost effectively

 

WOODWORK - Only loosely placed by way of a test fit, the central beam is made of marine plywood and treated softwood. This beam connects the front and rear hulls. The full size vessel will be mostly aluminium and carbon fiber, not timber

PAINTING - The Enterprise 1 is shown here partly assembled after Painting. To see more about how to we transformed this large model boat, click on the picture above. You may pick up a few tips for your own project from our finishing expert. 

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WORKSHOP - Modifications to ease making and modifying the proof of concept model. 

TRIALS 2016 - More water sports coming just as soon as the weather is suitable. As in no ice.

 

 

OCEAN ENTERPRISE 1 - HULL FORM OR DESIGN

 

The superbly conceived SWASH hull concept seen elsewhere on this site, is unfortunately, not always open to us for certain applications. A triple semi-submerged hull is only an advantage when wetted area is fairly well defined, and that definition depends on displacement being within certain limits. As we are not using an active hull on this model (yet), we cannot alter the hull displacement characteristics to compensate for taking onboard heavy cargo - such as a large tonnage of plastic. The design is a reverse Type III trimaran, as defined in a study by L. Lazauskas and E. O. Tuck, Department of Applied Mathematics, Adelaide University in 1996.

 

With a vessel that is designed to carry a variable heavy load, and with serious cost implications, we have to re-examine the concept as may be applied to an ocean vacuum cleaner that is designed for bulk collections.

 

The most logical solution appears to be to retain the outriggers for stability, but to move them forward from the original ZCC design to be able to use them as a guide for flotsam, coupled with additional guides affixed to the submerged vacuum head - and others to increase the area that the ship sweeps. These floats, or sponsons, will have a large reserve buoyancy.

 

We will have a surface centre hull from about a third of the overall length of the ship to the rear. In this section we will compact the plastic waste, ready for offloading. It will thus be like a huge skip or hopper. Consequently, we cannot expect the sparkling performance of other Bluefish ZCC designs. Indeed, with a large head that is submerged, so presenting a relatively massive frontal area, forward velocity will be slow as we plough through the water. Fortunately, speed is relative to cleanup, and cleanup efficiency depends on sweeps that bite on plastic, rather than swift passages alone.

 

 

 

FITTING OUT THE ROBOT HULL

 

 

Solar panels on our autonomous robot boat

 

Wind turbine generators for the robot boat

 

SOLAR PANELS - The Enterprise 1 is shown here with deck panels only, waiting for wing fitting. In Phase 2, we will be conducting tests to determine if we need solar tracking, or if we can get by without that feature.

WINDGENS - It is very hard to find a small wind turbine generator for a 1/20th scale boat. In the end we had to mix and match our own and experiment with different motors, to use as generators. 

Lithium Polymer Li-ion LiPo 12 volt battery packs

Drone quadcopter used for unmanned aerial fleet operations

BATTERIES - We need a 24 volt x 70 amp/hr battery bank to run our pumps and shredding equipment. Lithium polymer cells are now available via Ebay at reasonable prices.  These same packs will run onboard 12 volt equipment.

ONBOARD UAV - The ability to take videos with a stock camera is probably the single biggest reason for choosing this quad for SeaVax test purposes. The HD camera along with it’s mount and micro SD card weigh just 10 grams. 

 

 

TRIALS, EVENTS and ROAD SHOWS for PUBLIC AWARENESS

 

 

Prvate lake for testing the SeaVax Enterprise in private

 

Kismet Girls Trust, loan Volkswagen van for the ocean plastic tour bus.

 

LOCATIONS - We use two secure (controlled) locations to test our vessels in Sussex, in private. The picture directly above looks for all the world like Lake Dumbleyung in Australia in this light. Lake Dumbleyung is where Donald Campbell set the first of his unbeatable double achievement (land and water world speed records in the same year). The SeaVax test model will carry the blue bird legend as seen on our official merchandise.

LOGISTICS - It's pointless having a stunning robot boat if you cannot take it anywhere to test or show anyone. We'd like to use this VW surfing bus for "Ocean Plastic Awareness" road shows, with kind permission of the Kismet Girls Trust. This wagon, though sound mechanically, needs some serious TLC on the bodywork front. Worth it though, because camper vans are symbolic of the earth movement. This one is 44 years old.

Radio controls for drone operation of the SeaVax robot 2.4 GHz Tx Rx

 

SeaVax ocean cleanup project business cards

 

DEMONSTRATIONS - Try and buy a true 8 channel digital proportional RC set for under £100 with servos. It's difficult. So we use a hybrid made from two sets. This is a combination rig that is tough and allows to perform some neat multi stick tricks without getting all hot under the collar. It's ideal for putting this robot ocean cleaner through its paces in drone mode. We will though be looking to increase our radio power for multi-user displays.

FUNDING - Funding for projects such as this is incredibly difficult to find. We are not university academics, so cannot call on funds from organisations that exist to fund pure research - even though we are doing the same research. We were dismayed to find that there is little chance of us obtaining EU funding, unless we can find 30-40% of the total project costs, which, at full size prototype stage is an unattainable sum.

 

 

SUPPORT US - CROWD FUNDING & GRANTS

 

If you like the work that we are doing here, we would appreciate any financial contribution that you can spare. We are aiming for grant funding as and when such calls might be advertised. But these calls are typically only 60-70% funded, meaning that we will have to find the other 30-40% ourselves. Unfortunately, though we might be demonstrating a way to rid the oceans of plastic and save animal lives - this is not a commercially attractive (highly profitable with short term returns) concept, ruling out banks and venture capitalists as a funding source. We are therefore looking for people who care about wildlife and sustainable food supplies, to give their own money in return for some positive action. As you can see from the rapid progress on this page, we are all about getting things done, not just talking about it.

 

The directors of the company have put their money where their mouth is donating money to the company to pay for this stage in the hope that we might attract funding for a full size prototype. Like a sharp pencil, money is only a tool; a means to make things happen. Commercial lenders like banks are not likely to want to fund the build of an international ocean cleaner, because there are no contracts to clean up waters that belong to nobody (and everyone). Banks want solid contracts, not a vision for a healthier future. Thankfully, we have a number of volunteers who are keen to see cleaner oceans, and for that reason they have given us their time, in the hope that once people see what is possible, those responsible for the health of the oceans and food security might agree the possibilities SeaVax offers in terms of blue growth.

 

 

TECHNOLOGY IN ACTION - SEE US ON THE INNOVATION UK STAND BETWEEN 9-10 NOVEMBER 2015 AT OLD BILLINGSGATE, LONDON, EC3R 6DX, UNITED KINGDOM. WWW.INNOVATE2015EVENT.COM

 

Innovate UK technology and investment showcase 2015

 

ACID OCEANS - ARCTIC - ATLANTIC - BALTIC - BERING - CARIBBEAN - CORAL - EAST CHINA - ENGLISH CH

GULF MEXICO - GOM - INDIAN - MEDITERRANEAN - NORTH SEA - PACIFIC - PERSIAN GULF - SEA JAPAN

STH CHINA - PLANKTON - PLASTIC OCEANS - RISING SEA LEVELS - UNEP - WWF

 

 

 

THANKYOU FOR READING THIS

 

Thank you so much for your time in reading this page. Finally, might we ask that you help us by spreading the word: There is a solution to plastic ocean pollution.

 

 

 

PLASTIC PACKAGING - Our love affair with plastic is choking the oceans. Once people know about it, they want to stop it. But how? The next question is who? Obviously, if any of the researchers involved so far had come up with a solution, they would have sorted it years ago. We are a practical think-tank fresh to the issue and without a budget. We hope to be able to collaborate with other marine organisations that are funded for this work, or who have funds to investigate viable projects. You cannot donate to us directly on this site, but we hope to identify partner sites shortly where you can support a project much like that proposed herein, or better still, our own practical experiments. Volunteer careers.

 

BUSINESS PLAN - We will be trying other test rigs to increase operational flexibility, the aim being to make these vessels commercially viable. The hope is to sufficiently interest crowd funding investment to allow us to interest backers - hence kick start us. Once we have reached that stage, we may qualify for Horizon 2020 assistance as an SME, where blue growth is a European objective. There may be other initiatives that we will be looking at.  This SeaVax vessel is Design Copyright © BMS Ltd, January 2015. All rights reserved.

 

OIL SPILLS - An oil spill cleanup version of this concept may also be an attractive proposition to oil companies, who may want to help us with development costs. The problem here is that there is only ever a market for such machines when there is a major spillage - and until the inevitable happens, most oil companies would not want to contribute to this R&D. According to Forbes the top 20 oil companies in 2015 are: Saudi Aramco, Gazprom, National Iranian Oil Co, Exxon Mobil, Rosneft, Royal Dutch Shell, Petro China, Pemex, Chevron, Kuwait Petroleum, BP, Total, Petrobras, Qatar Petroleum, ADNOC (Abu Dhabi), Lukoil, Iraqi Oil Ministry, Sonatrach (Algeria), Pdvsa (Venezuela) and Statoil (Norway).

 

 

Hand and power tools in a revised workshop layout for greater productivity

 

WORKSHOP HAND TOOLS - We've upgraded our facilities and moved the SeaVax project into another workshop, separating marine and automotive projects geographically - though sharing welding and fabricating facilities - as necessary. It is hoped that this will improve productivity through 2015 into 2016 giving both current projects more space and our craftsmen and technicians, better working conditions. We've also improved our security, with a full time onsite guard planned from October and CCTV surveillance cameras.

 

 

LINKS & REFERENCE

 

Hydrocyclone

Wikipedia Hydrocyclone

vafusa hydrocyclone separators

KSB GIW Industries

Machinery data plastic lumber

Forrec dual shaft shredders

Vortex depollution products shredders pet bottle perforator

http://www.vortexdepollution.com/products/shredders/shredders/pet32-perforator

http://www.forrec.eu/dual-shaft-shredders

http://www.machinerydata.com/PlasticLumber.htm

http://www.ksb.com/giw-en/

http://www.hydrocyclone.com/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrocyclone

https://www.vafusa.com/hydrocyclone-separators.htm

 

 

 

 

 

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